It was recently published in the Archives of General Psychiatry that concussion/mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) seems to have little impact on these outcomes after PTSD is accounted for. Melissa A. Poulsny, PhD was the lead investigator on this seemingly well-thought-out research.
Using 953 National Guard soldiers, each was given a survey one month prior to being sent home (time 1) and another survey one year after return (time 2). The results in the ABSTRACT are as follows;
The rate of self-reported concussion/MTBI during deployment was 9.2% at time 1 and 22.0% at time 2. Soldiers with a history of concussion/MTBI were more likely than those without to report postdeployment postconcussive symptoms and poorer psychosocial outcomes. However, after adjusting for PTSD symptoms, concussion/MTBI was not associated with postdeployment symptoms or outcomes. Time 1 PTSD symptoms more strongly predicted postdeployment symptoms and outcomes than did concussion/MTBI history.
I may be looking at this from an obtuse angle, but to me this seems difficult to separate PTSD from post-concussion syndrome. Granted, there are different symptoms and clinical definitions of each, but as we have learned through recent concussion research the two conditions “intermingle”.
I do not believe (and please send me information to clarify) PTSD and PCS are treated the same. If that is the case, then a further study is need to see if those that had been changed to PTSD from PCS are recovering/adapting at a quicker rate than those with just PTSD or just PCS. The thought process is simple in my mind…what if concussions created PTSD? If that is the case then are there things that can be done at the point of injury to offset the development of PTSD? Or is the military medical community switching the classification of these individuals to something they know better?
Just some random thoughts on this project.