Thanks to a friend and follower of the blog I have been looking at some traumatic brain injury (TBI) research. Often you see TBI and concussion near each other; you can think of them as brother and sister. They are cut from the same cloth, meaning it is the same mechanisms that cause both. Concussions are referred to as minor traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) due to the lack of diagnostic (see imaging) findings with altered mental status or signs/symptoms. Regardless traumatizing the brain is not something that is good for you on a consistent basis.
The first article is about the link between TBI and stroke;
If you suffer traumatic brain injury, your risk of having a stroke within three months may increase tenfold, according to a new study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association.
“It’s reasonable to assume that cerebrovascular damage in the head caused by a traumatic brain injury can trigger either a hemorrhagic stroke [when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain] or an ischemic stroke [when an artery in the brain is blocked],” said Herng-Ching Lin, Ph.D., senior study author and professor at the School of Health Care Administration, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University in Taiwan. “However, until now, no research had been done showing a correlation between traumatic brain injury and stroke.”
It is the first study that pinpoints traumatic brain injury as a potential risk factor for subsequent stroke.
The next article is about the link between TBI and Parkinson’s; Continue reading
I have said it many times on the blog, the US Military has been ahead of the game on concussions. Not only their research but their sudden and correct actions of taking soldiers out of action after sustaining a concussion. In fact all military personnel who sustain a concussion are not only prescribed rest there is a mandatory 72 hour observation.
From the Defense Department, the US Army Leads the way in this science; Continue reading
The Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health spent some time on Monday holding a hearing on traumatic brain injury (TBI). We all know that the spectrum of this injury can range from the severe to the mildest forms (mTBI) also know as concussions. The government has been involved with TBI since 1996 funding further research and subsidizing awareness/education programs with the passage of the Traumatic Brain Injury Act of 1996;
What the Traumatic Brain Injury Act of 1996 Mandates
Public Law 104-166 charges CDC with implementing projects to reduce the incidence of traumatic brain injury. Specifically, the legislation mandates that CDC shall:
- Develop a uniform reporting system for traumatic brain injuries.
- Conduct research into the identification of effective strategies for preventing traumatic brain injury.
- Implement public information and education programs for preventing TBI and for broadening public awareness about the public health consequences of TBI.
- Provide technical assistance, either directly or through grants and contracts, to public or nonprofit entities for planning, developing, and operating projects to reduce the incidence of traumatic brain injury.
- Present a report to Congress that describes the incidence and prevalence of traumatic brain injury.
Funding for all these activities was authorized at $3 million for each of the fiscal years 1997, 1998, and 1999.
The Act has been amended many times, the last, in 2008.
The House heard from witnesses about Continue reading